Course: OL 602 Adventure Ministry in Cross-Cultural Contexts
Term/Day/Time: Intersession 2011, January 18-21
Note: This is a Partial Syllabus and Reading List
This course is a study of the use of wilderness and adventure in cross-cultural contexts, with special attention given to the biblical/theological rationale and cross-cultural sensitivity required for design and implementation. The focus is on wilderness and adventure as the means and the context for evangelism, discipleship, spiritual formation, leadership development, and mission in both local and global cross-cultural settings. (2 Credits)
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES
This course most directly and substantially addresses the following two Denver Seminary Student Learning Outcomes:
Contextually Sensitive: Serve all people effectively and faithfully with cultural discernment and without prejudice or favoritism
This course will foster an understanding of the contextual viability of using wilderness and adventure as a cross-cultural mission strategy both domestically and abroad for evangelism, discipleship, spiritual formation, leadership development, and mission. Adventure will be presented as both the means and the context for ministry. This outcome will be measured through in-class discussions, “Figuring Foreigners Out” workbook exercises, reflection papers, reading annotations assignment, and journaling.
Vocationally Fit: Discern and pursue personal vocation in a theologically integrated manner
Most students entering this course will be knowledgeable and experienced in using adventure in same cultural, North American contexts. This course will equip and encourage students to recognize and respond to the need and growing opportunities for the cross-cultural use of adventure, especially abroad. This outcome will be measured through in-class discussions, reflection papers, reading annotation assignment, and the final project.
At the end of this course students will be able to:
1. Understand the issues of culture and context as they relate to Christian adventure ministry
2. Articulate a biblically informed theology of adventure as cross-cultural mission
3. Understand religious worldviews and key global issues (e.g. poverty, globalization, violence, and human trafficking) in order to design adventure ministries as bridges for evangelism and mission.
4. Design and implement sustainable cross-cultural adventure ministries for the purpose of evangelism, discipleship, spiritual formation, leadership development, and/or mission.
5. Understand local cross-cultural opportunities and needs that can uniquely be met through adventure ministry; design appropriate ministries to effectively meet these needs
6. Design adventure experiences that develop and form catalytic indigenous ministry leaders, especially in the global context
7. Understand, recognize, and overcome gender issues in Christian outdoor leadership.
8. Understand and articulate current trends in Christian outdoor leadership as mission, especially micro-enterprise opportunities through business as mission (BAM) models.
9. Understand the opportunities for using Wilderness First Aid training as a medical mission and holistic ministry tool
where there are few doctors and medical facilities.
Books to Purchase
Corbett, S., and B Fikkert. (2009). When Helping Hurts: How to Alleviate Poverty Without Hurting the Poor and Yourself. Chicago: Moody.
Johnson, C.N. (2010). Business as Mission: A Comprehensive Guide to Theory and Practice. Downers Grove, IL: IVP.
Lingenfelter, J.E. and S.G. Lingenfelter. (2003). Teaching Cross-Culturally: An Incarnational Model for Learning and Teaching. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker.
Stori, C. (1999). Figuring Foreigners Out: A Practical Guide. Boston: Intercultural.
Required Reserve Book (in library)
Bonk, J. (2003). Missions and Money: Affluence as a Western Mission Problem. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.
Course Reading Pack Bibliography
Religious World Views
Swartley, Keith E. (2008). Encountering the World of Islam. Colorado Springs: Authentic Media. pp. 176-188, 326-328, 377-380, 394 (21 pgs).
Woodberry, J. Dudley. (1998). Reaching the Resistant: Barriers and bridges for mission. Pasadena: William Carey. pp. 117-151 (35 pgs).
Kraft, Charles. Culture, Worldview and Contextualization. Edited by Ralph Winter and Stephen Hawthorne. Perspectives on the World Christian Movement. Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1999, 384-391 (7 pgs).
Coleman, Robert. The Master’s Plan. Edited by Ralph Winter and Stephen Hawthorne. Perspectives on the World Christian Movement. Pasadena: William Carey Library, 1999, 100-103 (4 pgs).
Duin, Julia. “Christian Worldview-an Interview With Ravi Zacharias.” Ravi Zacharias International Ministries, 2006. http://www.rzim.org/resources/essay_arttext.php?id=18/ (accessed October 16, 2006) (2 pgs).
Brown, Rick. Muslim Worldviews and the Bible. Bridges and Barriers (Part I God and Mankind). International Journal of Frontier Missions 23:1, 5-12 (7pgs).
Brown, Rick. Muslim Worldviews and the Bible. Bridges and Barriers (Part II, Jesus, the Holy Spirit, and the Age to Come). International Journal of Frontier Missions 23:2, 48-56 (8 pgs).
Beaumont, Mark Ivor. “Early Muslim Interpretation of the Gospels.” Transformation 22, no. 1 (January 2005): 20-27 (7pgs).
Beaumont, Mark Ivor. “Early Christian Interpretation of the Qur’an.” Transformation 22, no. 4 (October 2005): 195-203 (8 pgs).
Carey, George. “Islam and the West: The Challenge to the Human Family.” Transformation 22 no. 1 (January 2005): 3-10 (7 pgs).
Stephens, Sunil H. “Doing Theology in a Hindu Context.” Journal of Asian Mission 1, no. 2 (1999): 181-203 (22 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/stephensdoingtheologyinhinducontext.pdf
Rao, P. Sathkeerthi et. al, Chairman. Report of the Consultation on World Evangelization; Mini-Consultation on Reaching Buddhists. Pattaya, Thailand: Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, 1980, 1-23 (23 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/raoreportofconsultationonworldevangelization.pdf
Barr, Rev. Fr Kevin J. (1998). Concern for Underprivileged Youth: A theological reflection on ministry. The Pacific Journal of Theology. Series II. No. 19. pp. 33-41 (9 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/barrconcernforunderprivilegedyouth.pdf
Grigg, Viv. (1990). Companion to the Poor. Monrovia: MARC. pp. 203-217 (15 pgs).
Stackhouse, Max L. & Dearborn, Tim & Paeth, Scott. (2000). The Local Church in a Global Era: Reflections for a New Century. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. pp. 209-216 (8 pgs).
Haugen, Gary A. (1999). Good News About Injustice: A witness of courage in a hurting world. Downers Grove: Intervarsity. pp. 125-134, (10 pgs).
Jack, Kristin. (2009). The Sound of Worlds Colliding. Phnom Penh: Hawaii Printing House. pp. 89-95 (7 pgs).
Webber, Robert E. (2002). The Younger Evangelicals: Facing the Challenges of the New World. Grand Rapids: Baker Books. 173-186 (14 pgs).
Contextualization and Cross Cultural Discipleship
Axtell, Roger E. (1985). Do’s and Taboos Around the World: A Guide to International Behavior. Elmsford: Benjamin Company Inc. 49-100 (51 pgs/excerpts).
Condon, John C. (1984). With Respect to the Japanese. Yarmouth: Intercultural Press. pp. 35-59 (24 pgs).
Fritz, Paul J. Contextualizing the Message Through Use of Case Studies. International Journal of Frontier Missions Vol 12:3 Jul-Sep 1995, pp. 147-152 (6 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/fritzcontextualizingmessagethroughcasestudies.pdf
Matheny, Tim. (1981). Reaching the Arabs: A Felt Need Approach. Pasadena: William Carey Library. pp. 146-155 (10 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/mathenyreachingarabs.pdf
Sanneh, Lamin. (1987). Christian Missions and the Western Guilt Complex. The Christian Century. April 8. Accessed. ((5 pgs). http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=143
Smith, Robert. The Use Of Foreign Financed National Christian Workers, International Journal Of Frontier Missions, Vol 9:2 April 1992, pp. 57-63 (7 pgs).
Taylor, Steve. (2005). The Out of Bounds Church?: Learning to Create a Community of Faith in a Culture of Change. El Cajon: Zondervan. pp. 81-97 (17 pgs).
Developing Catalytic Indigenous Leaders through a Commitment to Spiritual Formation
Daniel, Brad. The Life Significance of a Spiritually Oriented Outward Bound-Type Wilderness Expedition. PhD diss., Antioch New England Graduate School, Keen, NH. 2003, pp. 36-41, 163-187 (31 pgs).
Davis, John Jefferson. (1984). Your Wealth in God’s World: Does the Bible Support the Free Market? Phillipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co. pp. 72-85 (14 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/davisyourwealthingodsworld.pdf
Denton, Ashley & Hoppin, Jon. (2010). Nepal Trekking Microenterprise Business Plan. Fort Collins: Nexus International (10 pgs).
Getu, Makonen. (2003, July). The Biblical Perspective of Transformational Business. Transformation, pp. 143-152 (10 pgs).
Mugabi, Stephen. (2003, July). Building God’s Kingdom through Microenterprise Development: A Christian Vision for Transformational Development. Transformation, pp. 111-139 (29 pgs).
Musyimi, Mutava. (2003, July). Building God’s Kingdom through Microenterprise Development. Transformation, pp. 152-153 (2 pgs).
Prahalad, C. K. (April 2010). Best Practices Get You Only So Far. Harvard Business Review, 88-4, p. 32 (1 pg).http://hbr.org/2010/04/column-best-practices-get-you-only-so-far/ar/1
Friere, Paulo. (1990). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum Books. pp.179-183 (5 pgs).
Girls! Stories Worth Telling. Monrovia: MARC.
McPhail, Robyn. Living on the Land: Ecotheology in Rural New Zealand. Ecotheology. Vol 6.1, 6.2 (2001). pp. 138-151 (14 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/mcphaillivingontheland.pdf
Ewert, D. Merrill. (1980). A New Agenda for Medical Missions. Brunswick: MAP International. pp. 119-123, 131-135 (8 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/ewertnewagendaformedicalmissions.pdf
Cowles, David. Wilderness Camping Comes of Age: The Medium That Has Taught Generations How To Survive Has Survived Itself. (1 pg). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/cowleswildernesscampingcomesofage.pdf
Tsumura, Makoto. (2010). A Framwork for Creating Program and Environment in Christian Camp in Japan. Wheaton College: Master’s Thesis, pp. 29-84 (55 pgs).
Van Dyke, Henry & Fong, Jason. Scripture Union Camping Ministry in East Asia. A Part: Letter from Scripture Union East Asia. Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia pp. 2-5 (4 pgs).
Experiential Learning, Spiritual Formation & Women’s Issues Bibliography
Anderson-Hanley, C. (1997). Adventure Programming and Spirituality: Integration Models, Methods, and Research. The Journal of Experiential Education, 20(2), 102-107. (5 pgs).
Angell, J. (1994). The Wilderness Solo: An Empowering Growth Experience For Women. Women and Therapy, 15(3-4), 85-99. (14 pgs).
Arnold, S. (1994). Transforming Body Image Through Women’s Wilderness Experiences. Women and Therapy, 15(3-4), 43-54. (11 pgs).
Beames, Simon. (2004). Critical Elements of an Expedition Experience. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 4(2), 145-158. (13 pgs) http://raleighinternational.org/files/beames_jaeol_elements.pdf
Eriksson, Keijo. (Spring 2000) In Search of the Meaning of Life: A Study Of The Ideas Of Senior Compulsory School Pupils On Life And Its Meaning In An Experiential Learning Context. British Journal of Religious Education, 22(2), 115-127. (12 pgs) https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/erikssonsearchofmeaningoflife.pdf
Caulkins, Michael C., White, David D., Russel, Keith C. (2006) The Role of Physical Exercise in Wilderness Therapy for Troubled Adolescent Women, Journal of Experiential Education, 29(1), 18-37 (9pgs)
Festeu, Dorin. (2001) Motivational Factors that Influence Students’ Participation in Outdoor Activities. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 2(1), 43-54. (11 pgs). https://www.wildernessministry.org/ol602readingpack/festeumotivationalfactorsthatinfluence.pdf
Fox, F. E. (1983). The Spiritual Core Of Experiential Education. The Journal of Experiential Education, 6(1), 3-6. (3 pgs).
Fox, R. (1999). Enhancing Spiritual Experience In Adventure Programs. In J. Miles, & S. Priest (Eds.), Adventure programming (pp. 455-461). State College, PA: Venture Publishing Inc. (7 pgs).
Stringer, A. & McAvoy, L. (1995). The Need For Something Different: Spirituality And Wilderness Adventure. In K. Warren, M. Sakofs & J. Hunt (Eds.), The Theory of Experiential Education (pp.57-72). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt. (16 pgs).
Fox, F. E. (1983). The Spiritual Core Of Experiential Education. The Journal of Experiential Education, 6(1), 3-6. (3 pgs)
Fox, R. (1999). Enhancing Spiritual Experience In Adventure Programs. In J. Miles, & S. Priest (Eds.), Adventure programming (pp. 455-461). State College, PA: Venture Publishing Inc. (6 pgs)
Stringer, A., & McAvoy, L. (1995). The Need For Something Different: Spirituality And Wilderness Adventure. In K. Warren, M. Sakofs & J. Hunt (Eds.), The Theory of Experiential Education (pp.57-74). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt. (17 pgs)